Stamford Periodontics & Implant Center

Gum Disease: An Overview (Part 1)

Disturbances in the balance of the bacteria that lives in your mouth and the buildup of oral biofilm may cause gum inflammation and bleeding, which can trigger gum disease such as Gingivitis and Periodontitis, affecting the teeth or Peri-implant Mucositis and Peri-implantitis which have an effect on your dental implants. 

In the first part of this two-part article, we’ll provide our readers with an overview of Gingivitis and Periodontitis, the causes, the effects and the available treatments.

  • Gingivitis

    This is an inflammatory reaction in the gums and it can be treated and cured. It’s easy to diagnose with a simple inspection and it’s caused by a buildup of oral biofilm in the gums.

    Gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease and affects people of all ages and backgrounds, as long as they have teeth. Ignoring your gingivitis and leave the condition untreated, may lead to its progression until it turns into periodontitis.

    Nowadays, we’re well aware that although all cases of periodontitis start off as gingivitis, not all cases of gingivitis end up in periodontitis. However, the way to prevent and avoid both diseases is to maintain good hygiene, keep a healthy diet and visit your dentist on a regular basis to make sure your oral health is always on point.

  • Periodontitis

    This condition is characterised by the presence of alterations in colour, texture, shape of the gums, bleeding and also receding gums that expose the root of the teeth. This particular disease does not affect all the teeth in the same way as it has predilection for specific subjects and areas of the mouth.

    At its most advanced stages, there can be oozing and even dental migration, as the dental pieces start to move to the point in which sometimes is just inevitable to lose the piece.

    Treating gingivitis at its earliest stage and prevent it from evolving into periodontitis is the safest bet to avoid this situation. However, if the periodontitis is already prevalent, seeking immediate treatment from a specialised doctor is key to recovery and to prevent the condition to worsen, leading to tooth loss.


Here at Stamford Periodontics, we are pleased to provide the highest quality of periodontal treatment to Fairfield County through our expert gum disease dentist Fairfield County, CT, and also Greenwich, New Canaan, Darien, Westport, Fairfield, Norwalk, Wilton, and Ridgefield. Make your appointment today at 203.252.2252.

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Phone: 203.252.2252
Address: 47 Oak Street, Stamford, CT 06905


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47 Oak Street, Stamford, CT 06905
(203) 252-2252

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